Grape is one of the oldest fruit species cultivated on earth. Its history goes back to 5000 B.C. Its native homeland region, which includes Anatolia, is called Asia Minor, which also includes the Caucasus. Compared to other fruits, it is one of the species with the most variety. It is estimated that there are over 10,000 grape varieties. The varieties whose homeland is Anatolia are over 1200. 50-60 of them are produced economically.